7 Search Results for ""12 apostles""
- From: ammills
Sunset photo opportunity at the 12 Apostles off the Great Ocean Road
- 3 years ago
- Views: 519
- From: mookie
- 4 years ago
- Views: 263
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- From: alexgbaguio
12 Apostles- Cape Town, South Africa taken 11/30/09
- 5 years ago
- Views: 5527
- From: jlilly
- 5 years ago
- Views: 358
- From: lejla06
PRAGUE CASTLE It is the largest medieval castle in Europe. Constructed in the 9th century by Prince Bořivoj, the castle transformed itself from a wooden fortress surrounded by earthen bulwarks to the imposing form it has today. Rulers made their own additions so there is a mixture of styles. The biggest development came in the 14th century, when the Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV. made the Prague Castle his residence and had the St. Vitus Cathedral built there. Habsburg emperor Rudolph II. added some buildings in Renaissance style in the 16th century. Then the rulers moved to Vienna. Prague castle has had four major reconstructions, but it keeps its classical facelift it took on in the 18 century during the reign of Maria Theresa. The Prague Castle became a seat of Czechoslovakian (and later Czech) presidents in 1918.
St. Vitus Cathedral St. Vitus Cathedral is the largest and the most important church in Prague. Apart from divine services the coronations of Czech kings and queens also took place in it. The remains of provincial patron saints, sovereigns, noblemen and archbishops are interred here. The first stone was laid in the year 1344 in the reign of Charles IV. The first architect was Matthias of Arras, after his death Petr Parler took over and completed much of the structure in late-Gothic style. Over the following centuries renaissance and baroque details were added and the job was completed in 1929.
The Old Royal Palace Dating from 1135 it is one of the oldest parts of the castle. It was the seat of Bohemian princes but from the 13th to the 16th century it was the king's palace.
St. George Basilica St. George`s Basilica was founded about 920 by Prince Vratislav I.
The present Romanesque apperance is from 1142. It is the best preserved Romanesque church in Prague, the fasade is baroque from the 17th century though. There are tombs of Přemysl royalty. The acoustics make it a good venue for classical concerts.
Golden Lane Golden Lane is a very little street with nice little houses. They were inhabited by the castle servants, perhaps goldsmiths and the castle marksmen. In the 18th and 19th centuries they were occupied by squatters, later it was the home of the writer France Kafka (house 22) and the Nobel-laureate poet Jaroslav Seifert. Most of them are souvenir shops today.
OLD TOWN SQUARE The Old Town Square is the oldest and most important square of the historical Prague. It is surrounded with historical buildings such as the Old Town City Hall with the famous Astornomical Clock, St. Nicolas Church and Church of Lady before Tyn, and many houses and palaces of various architectural styles and colourful history. It has been a centre of Prague Old Town since the middle ages, when it was a market place at the crossing of European merchants´ roads.The Old Town City Hall It is a complex of buildings from various historical periods and a tower with the famous Astornomical Clock. The city hall was a center of Prague Old Town administration since the 14th century. King John of Luxembourg sanctioned building of the Old Town City Hall in 1338. The Old Town citizens bought a private Gothic house from Wolflin of Kamen for it. The 66 metres high tower was added in 1364.
Astronomical Clock The medieval astronomical clock adorns the southern wall of the Old Town City Hall.It announces every hour with 12 apostles passing by the window above the astronomical dial and with symbolic sculptures moving aside. That makes it a popular tourist attraction.
CHARLES BRIDGE It is in Gothic style, 516 m long, 9.5 m wide and supported by 16 massive piers. Both ends are fortified by towers and was the only bridge in Prague up to 19th century. Named after the Emperor Charles IV in 19th century the Charles Bridge is Prague's most familiar monument. Designed by Petr Parler, it was completed in 1400 and it connects the Lesser Town with the Old Town. Although it is now pedestrianised, it withstood wheeled traffic for 600 years. The magnificent Gothic Old Town Bridge Tower was designed by Petr Parler and built at the end of the 14th century. It is considered the finest Gothic tower in central Europe, mainly for its decoration.
Old Town Bridge Tower The entrance gate to the Charles Bridge from the Old Town river bank, the most beautiful gate of the Gothic Europe was a masterpiece of the Court Buildingworks, it was finished before 1380. It is richly adorned with sculptures - coats of arms of the countries belonging to the Czech Crown under the reign of Charles IV, statues of St. Vitus, Charles IV, Wenceslas IV, St. Vojtech (Adalbert) and Sigmund.
Lesser Town Bridge Towers The smaller tower - the romanesque one, a relic of the Judita's Bridge, was constructed in the 12th century. The higher one is 200 years younger (1464) and its late gothis architecture draws upon the Parler's Old Town Bridge Tower.
JEWISH QUARTER Named after the emperor Josef II, whose reforms helped to ease living conditions for the Jewish, the Jewish Quarter contains the remains of Prague's former Jewish ghetto. There are two figures synonymous with this part of the city, Franz Kafka (1883 – 1924) and the mystical humunculus Golem created by Jehuda ben Bezalel, also known as Rabi Löw.
Old Jewish Cemetery Founded in 1478, it is Europe's oldest surviving Jewish cemetery. People had to be buried on top of each other because of lack of space. There are about 12 layer and over 12,000 gravestones.
Pinkas Synagogue Founded in 1479 by Rabbi Pinkas this synagogue was rebuilt many times over the centuries.
Klausen Synagogue This Baroque synagogue was completed in 1694. There is a good exhibition of Hebrew prints and manuscripts, an exhibition of Jewish traditions and customs and also drawings of children from the Terezín concentration camp.
Old New Synagogue Built around 1270, it is the oldest working synagogue in Europe and one of Prague's earliest Gothic buildings.
Maisel Synagogue Built by Maisel the original Renaissance building was a victim of the fire in 1689. A new neo-Gothic synagogue has been built in its place.
Spanish Synagogue Built in 1868 the Spanish synagogue was named after its striking Moorish interior.
High Synagogue Its prayer hall is on the first floor, this synagogue was built in the 16th century and financed by Mordechai Maisel, mayor of the Jewish Town.
www.jewishmuseum.cz, Prague 1, Josefov
LESSER TOWN The Lesser Town was founded in 1257 on the slopes bellow the Prague castle and conected with Old Town by Charles Bridge.
Church of Our Lady of Victory - the Prague Bambino An early baroque building from the year 1611, 1634 - 1669 rebuilt by the Carmelite Order. The church is world-famous thanks to the Prague Bambino - Infant Jesus wax figure (of the Spanish origin), which was presented to the church by Polyxena of Lobkowicz (1628).
www.pragjesu.info, Karmelitska 9, Praha 1
Loreta A remarkable place consisting of a cloister, the church of the Lord’s Birth, a Holy Hut and clock tower with a world famous chime that has been situated in Prague Hradčany for more than 300 years.
www.loreta.cz, Loretanske nam. 100, Praha 1
Na prikope, Praha 1
Vysehrad Ancient legends situate the original seat of the Czech princes - the legendary Princess Libuse and the first Przemyslides - on the hill. In fact, however, this fort had not been founded until the Prague Castle was already in existence, since it dates back to the mid-10th century. In the latter half of the 11th and in the 12th century Vysehrad used to be the Przemyslides princes' main residence which brought about a generous building activity within its walls. Among noteworthy sight there are the precious romanesque rotunda of St. Martin (interior only for groups announced in advance), the gothic church of St. Peter and Paul (in the late 19th century rebuilt in the neogothic style), the Vysehrad cemetery used as a burial site of the Czech outstanding personalilties since 1869 with a collective tomb called Slavin, the underground casemates housing the originals of several baroque statues from the Charles Bridge. The Vysehrad site is open the whole day.
www.praha-vysehrad.cz, V pevnosti 159, Praha 5
Not only Prague!
Cesky Krumlov ��" very popular destination. Its destination number 2 after Prague. Definitely not for one day trip only due there are lot of things to discover. Mainly during spring and summer season its very popular place to chill out, do rafting, horse riding and of course sightseeing.300 protected buildings in the historical centre designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the second largest castle complex in the Czech Republic, and the oldest Baroque theatre in the world.Ideal buget place for backpackers, many hostels in historical center.
Kutna hora ��" perfect place for one day trip. Only one hour by train from Prague.900y old town with huge history and famouse Bone Church.
Karlstejn Castle - High Gothic castle founded in 1348, which has a unique position among Czech castles. It was built by Czech King and Roman Emperor Charles IV as a place for safekeeping of the royal treasures, especially Charles's collection of holy relics and the coronation jewels of the Roman Empire.About 40min by train from Prague.
Terezin Memorial ��" the concentration camp located about 1,5 hour from Prague by bus.The key mission of the Terezin Memorial, the only institution of its kind in the Czech Republic, is to commemorate the victims of the Nazi political and racial persecution during the occupation of the Czech lands in World War II, to promote museum, research and educational activities, and look after the memorial sites connected with the suffering and death of dozens of thousands of victims of violence.
Olomouc - the ancient town of Olomouc lies in the heart of the so-called Haná region. Its history dates back to the 10th century AD when it became an important trade crossing-point. It has the second most significant collection of historical monuments in the country after Prague. The second oldest university in the Czech lands was founded in Olomouc in the year 1573.Deffinitely not for daytrip. Its about 3hours by bus or train. You can find there hostel or buget accomodation like pensions.
For more go to prague central hostels
- Blog post
- 6 years ago
- Views: 3719
- From: kristenkay28
“Ave Maria” echoed through the high mountain valley as it has every Pentecost for 440 years. Horsemen in wool Hussars uniforms, cardinals in jewel-tone robes and peasant farmers in traditional costumes held hands under a sweltering sun during solemn prayers.
If it weren’t for the bikinis, the low-flying airplane overhead, the baseball caps embroidered with “USA” and the omnipresence of cell phones, it could have been 1567, when Hungarians in this part of Romania first started gathering in the valley near the city of Miercurea-Ciuc for Pentecost.
On May 25, hundreds of thousands of Hungarians from as far away as Lebanon, St. Petersburg, Russia, Sydney, Austria and Miami, Fla., collected for an event called Somlyó (pronounced “shoom-yo”). The day has all the patriotic fervor of the 4th of July and the religious zeal of Easter in Jerusalem.
Pentecost is celebrated 50 days after Easter and commemorates the gathering of the Apostles to receive the Holy Spirit. The Bible describes how that day they found the courage to spread Christ’s teachings.
But more than a Christian celebration, Somlyó is also a celebration of Hungarian heritage in the most Hungarian county in Romania.
My trip to Somlyó commenced with the same general level of confusion that encompassed most of my visit to Romania. I had no idea what to expect when my hostess invited me to attend some Catholic thing that involved going on a bus somewhere. That’s all I got out of the invitation since her Romanian is as weak as mine, and we’ve no other language in common.
After prayers for a safe journey, the 200-hundred member delegation from the rural Transylvanian town of Bálan surged onto the buses. Every bus in the area was pressed into service.
Only when we reached the highway 10 km from out town did I begin to get a sense of the scale of what we were taking part in. The highway was choked with traffic. To my excitement, among the cars and buses were horse-drawn wagons carrying elderly folks in traditional costumes and the baggage of pilgrims walking, sometimes days, to Somlyó. One wagon carried a band, playing a dirge whose mournful air somehow seemed right despite the excitement and sunshine.
Our bus caught up with the walking pilgrims from Bálan, who had left 12 hours before, at 9 am on the outskirts of the host city. We parked on the highway and unfurled our banners, both religious and nationalistic. Led by our baseball-cap wearing, be-robed young priest, we followed a sign proclaiming “Csikbalánbánya” (that’s Bálan in Hungarian).
The walk to Csiksomlyó Cathedral took nearly an hour, first passing among fields of young potato plants and waist-high wheat then though narrow streets where processions from different directions blended in a joyous confusion of costumes and banners and people. At booths flanking the processions, vendors sold everything from ceramic Virgin Mary statues to souvenir brochures to inflated Scoobey-Doos. I picked up some kirtoskolach, Hungarian tube bread cooked on an open flame and rolled in cinnamon and sugar.
Our Lady of Csiksomlyó cathedral, built to commemorate a 1442 victory over the Ottomans and then rebuilt several times since, is famous for hosting Somlyó and for the Virgin Mary statue at its alter. The wooden statue is centuries old and credited with many miracles. A staircase on either side of the altar brings the faithful to touch the carving and petition for their hearts’ desires. Throughout the temple and into the nearby woods are carved stones thanking Virgin Mary for miracles, children who were dying and didn’t, fruitful courtships and sudden turns of material fortunes.
It was another hour hike into the mountains behind the cathedral before we reached the sight of the main gathering. We stopped halfway up at the small Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus overlooking the city. Ant lines of pilgrims stretched for miles before us.
At the top of the mountain were two more chapels. A hermit, who sleeps in a coffin, lives there. Of course, I immediately said, “Vampire!” But, the 7th grader playing guide for me insisted the recluse is just a pious man “who prays all the time.” However, within 10 steps of the tiny chapel where we saw the coffin, Zsombi (pronounced John B) was rubbing a bloody puncture wound on his arm. Only one puncture, though, not two. Zsombi couldn’t explain it but refused to accept my vampire theory.
In the valley near the chapels, hundreds of thousands of pilgrims gathered on the lush grass. Religious banners, Hungarian, Transylvanian and Székely flags caught the light breeze. The Romanian flag was conspicuously absent.
Through out the day, more and more processions arrived: the bishop from Moldavia, Boy Scouts from Budapest, the glittering Csángó Hungarians from eastern Romania, and most thrillingly, the Hussars.
The men in Hussars cavalry uniforms rode horses from Odorheiu Secuiesc, a very Hungarian city nearby. One man explained it to me as, “Our town is coming out of a rough time. It was divided between the Hungarian and the more Hungarian parties.” Calls for autonomy or outright secession from Romania are not uncommon.
The Székely, the local branch of Hungarians, were legendary warriors in medieval Transylvania and many claim their people first came to the region with Attila the Hun. The Hussars were famous horsemen and formed the corps of cavalry units throughout Europe, even fighting in the American Revolution, though there we know them as mercenary Hessians.
One of the most famous, if fictional, Székely warriors is Count Dracula, who claims Székely ancestry in Bram Stoker’s vampire yarn “Dracula.” The Székely warriors, Hungarian noblemen and Saxons from Germany ruled Transylvania during the middle ages, generally relegating Romanians to the position of serfs. Sometimes it seems that neither party has forgotten that.
To commemorate Somlyó, some Hungarian Romanians offered me a present, and I proudly pinned on a picture of the Virgin Mary statue decorated with the green, white and red of the Hungarian flag on one side and the red and black of the Székely flag on the other.
Miercurea-Ciuc, the county seat of Harghita County, is more than 80 percent Hungarian, some say as high as 97 percent. Hungarian is spoken in every store and written on every sign. Throughout Romania, there are about 1.5 million ethnic-Hungarians, most of them Székely living in Transylvania. Transylvania was once the only part of the Hungarian Empire not under Ottoman control. It passed into Romanian hands after World War I.
Since Hungarian isn’t a language I speak, most of the words on the PA system were lost on me. I recognized a few words: Jesus, Jerusalem and thank you. But some things are universal. We didn’t know our lines for the “sharing the peace of Christ,” but shook hands with strangers anyway.
The sunshine ended at 2, right as the service concluded. The pilgrimage through the rain and hail to the Petrol gas station and buses home was less inspiring than the one that morning in the opposite direction. The bells still rang but plastic ponchos covered traditional garb. The faithful carried branches. They are supposed to say two prayers for each leaf.
It was a slow but interesting ride home, weaving among clutches of pilgrims and wagons and packed cars. The little villages we passed through were lined with locals watching the processions. It was like being in a parade, though our bus made an embarrassingly dull float.
- Blog post
- 6 years ago
- Views: 1825